The Danish Health Authority has investigated the consumption of systemic antibiotics among children of 0-4 years during the COVID19-lockdown
The lockdown started March 16th, 2020, but since the Easter holidays the daycare centers started reopening slowly, which included taking care of children in smaller groups and spread over wider geographical areas.
Treatment of upper respiratory tract infections is the main indication among children of 0-4 years for the use of antibiotics, and the consumption of systemic antibiotics is usually higher in winter compared to summer. The main results of the investigation were:
- The lockdown of daycare centers and other approaches to reduce spread of infection coincided with significantly fewer redeemed prescriptions for children of 0-4 years in March-May 2020 compared to the same period in 2019
- The consumption of systemic antibiotics was still low after reopening of daycare centers in the middle of April 2020 compared to the same period in 2019
- The consumptions of systemic antibiotics among children of 0-4 years is lower following vacations, e.g. in early January after Christmas holiday